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Candide: A Play in Five Acts

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Voltaire's classic novel CANDIDE has been adapted many times through many different forms of media, but this 20th-century dramatic version is one of the best. Voltaire's story endures because the character of Candide is capable of being moved to any time or place, and still be understood--and enjoyed--by a brand new audience. In an irrational world where only diehard optim Voltaire's classic novel CANDIDE has been adapted many times through many different forms of media, but this 20th-century dramatic version is one of the best. Voltaire's story endures because the character of Candide is capable of being moved to any time or place, and still be understood--and enjoyed--by a brand new audience. In an irrational world where only diehard optimists like Dr. Pangloss can believe that everything is for the best, Voltaire's dissection of human follies rings true, even today. In the end, his best advice to the individual trying to cope with the joys and sorrows of everyday life is just to..."Cultivate your garden!"

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30 review for Candide: A Play in Five Acts

  1. 5 out of 5

    Manny

    - Bonjour, M. Candide! Bienvenue au site Goodreads! Qu'en pensez-vous? - It's OK, we can speak English. Pour encourager les autres, as one might say. - Eh... super! I mean, good! So, what do you make of twenty-first century Britain? - Vraiment sympathique! I am reading of your little scandale with the expenses of the Houses of Parliament. It is a great moment for la démocratie. Now there will be des élections, the people will be able to choose better representatives, we will see that the country ha - Bonjour, M. Candide! Bienvenue au site Goodreads! Qu'en pensez-vous? - It's OK, we can speak English. Pour encourager les autres, as one might say. - Eh... super! I mean, good! So, what do you make of twenty-first century Britain? - Vraiment sympathique! I am reading of your little scandale with the expenses of the Houses of Parliament. It is a great moment for la démocratie. Now there will be des élections, the people will be able to choose better representatives, we will see that the country has become stronger as a result... - So really it was a good thing? - Oh, of course, all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds! - What? Including, I don't know, the Iraq War? - Absoluement! It is similar. If M. Bush had not started this very unpopular war, then the American voters would never have decided to choose M. Obama, who you can see is the best possible président you could have at this moment très difficile de l'histoire... - But I think they chose him, more than anything else, because of the economic meltdown? - Bien sûr, the war on its own would not have been enough, la crise économique also was necessary. All is for the best! - M. Candide, you think that global warming and the impending collapse of the world's climate is also for the best? - Mais, ça se voit! Because of the global warming, la science et la technologie will be forced to make new avances, people in all countries will start to work together, and we will enter a new golden age. Soon it will be as in El Dorado, that I visited once in l'Amerique du Sud... - Um. So I suppose that the spread of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, genocide in Rwanda and Rush Limbaugh are also good things when you look at them from the right angle? - Evidement! First, le SIDA. By making drug companies and researchers focus on... - No, wait. Forget AIDS. What about Stephenie Meyer? Is she a good thing too? - Eh... oui... non... this book, Fascination... how do you say, "Twilight"... alors. If only my dear Doctor Pangloss was here, he could explain to you...

  2. 4 out of 5

    James Tivendale

    Voltaire's novel introduces the reader to Candide, a wide-eyed, calm and slightly bland young gentleman who resides at Castle Westphalia and who believes in the philosophy that "everything in the world is for the best." One of the first scenes is filled with two emotional opposites for Candide who first gets to kiss his love, Cunegonde behind a screen, only to then be kicked out of the castle, literally, by the Baron of Thunder-ten-Tronckh. Here then begins Candide's incredible, fantastical adve Voltaire's novel introduces the reader to Candide, a wide-eyed, calm and slightly bland young gentleman who resides at Castle Westphalia and who believes in the philosophy that "everything in the world is for the best." One of the first scenes is filled with two emotional opposites for Candide who first gets to kiss his love, Cunegonde behind a screen, only to then be kicked out of the castle, literally, by the Baron of Thunder-ten-Tronckh. Here then begins Candide's incredible, fantastical adventure which takes him all over the globe with his mind ever believing in "The Folly of Optimism". From being a soldier in the Bulgarian army to being shipwrecked, being involved with the aftermath of an earthquake to being robbed and swindled more times than seems fair. Our hero has a lot of bad luck. One of the points of this book though is to present that it isn't just Candide that bad things happen to and that the world is just pretty horrible. Tragic things happen to all our main characters including philosopher Dr. Pangloss and a nice old lady who saved Candide from certain death. The tale is humorously and satirically presented in short, sharp chapters by Voltaire. Some descriptions of doom and degradation are presented in a comic fashion because if they were not they might be too unspeakable to keep us interested in reading about the negativity and heartlessness of humans. The novel features all sorts of nastiness such as rape, murder, prostitution and slavery among others. The only part of this book where Voltaire excludes any use of humour is when he talks about slavery after we meet a mutilated man. This is quite poignant when presenting all the diabolical activities that slavery doesn't deserve any humour - arguably making this the crime Voltaire begrudges the most in this world. Candide and his valet Cacambo, after nearly being eaten by indigenous people; arrive in Voltaire's Utopia El Dorado. This was my favourite section of the book as this unobtainable existence is a polar opposite of everything that the two young men have faced so far. Gold and diamonds litter the streets as pebbles, there is no law, science advances to make the Western world jealous, no prisons and is opposite to the popular viewpoint of the story that "all is misery and illusion". The main plot progression throughout the book is Candide trying to find his love Cunegonde as he wishes to marry her which is his reason for (stupidly in my opinion) leaving this wonderful place. The whole cast is likeable. Some of the times they meet up with friends spontaneously all over the world is amazingly far fetched. Two of the main characters are previously mentioned optimistic philosopher Dr. Pangloss and ultimately pessimistic scholar and travel companion of Candide's, Martin. The juxtaposition here is very interesting. It is very "black and white" for these extreme viewpoints. There is no compromise or middle ground. A great amount of philosophy is discussed throughout the book in conversations usually prompted by Candide who wants answers to how the world works. It may very well be that he changes his optimistic opinion throughout the narrative. I probably shouldn't like a book with so much negativity but it is incredibly written. It reminded me of Verne's - Around The World In Eighty Days. Both being high octane adventures transversing across the globe but with Candide's undertones being a lot more macabre. My favourite scene was when Candide discusses classic literature such as Homer, Virgil and Horace to a King who dislikes everything. "You will agree that this is the happiest of mortals, for he is above everything he possesses." Negativity and hatred is a main theme throughout the whole story. The problem with reviewing classic literature like this is that many greater wordsmiths over centuries have written more poetic and moving opinions. Yet, I enjoyed the book so much I had to write down a few blurbs of thoughts however much the quality is lacking compared to previous critics. Thanks for reading, James. www.youandibooks.wordpress.com

  3. 5 out of 5

    Fabian

    Slightly disappointed with the next-Gabriel Garcia Marquez, I took on this classic in one sitting. &... J***S! Where has this one been all my life? I adore "Candide" because it is rife with adventure, it is a speedy read, and at the very end you experience a vortex of feelings and NOVEL concepts. It transcends literature itself. Compare this to Dante. To Shakespeare. I could not help but smile at all the awful misadventures of our poor fool. This is made for someone, like me, who thinks "The Alc Slightly disappointed with the next-Gabriel Garcia Marquez, I took on this classic in one sitting. &... J***S! Where has this one been all my life? I adore "Candide" because it is rife with adventure, it is a speedy read, and at the very end you experience a vortex of feelings and NOVEL concepts. It transcends literature itself. Compare this to Dante. To Shakespeare. I could not help but smile at all the awful misadventures of our poor fool. This is made for someone, like me, who thinks "The Alchemist" by Paulo Coelho isn't all that...! I even told G that I was put off by the cover--that is, not until the entire book is ravished & torn apart by the ravenous reader does the simple, almost academic print of a globe in this particular edition of "Candide" make sense. So... voila! Voltaire. Easily EASILY Top Ten.

  4. 5 out of 5

    David Lentz

    "Candide" is an accessible masterpiece which demonstrated to the world Volatire's genius as a satirist. The eponymous Candide is a young man tutored by an optimist who is convinced according to the cause and effect philosophy of Leibniz and perhaps is best summarized in Voltaire's leitmotif that human beings live in the "best of all possible worlds." Alexander Pope rather laughably made the same outrageous claim in his "Essay on Man" in which he writes, "Everything that is is right." How can thi "Candide" is an accessible masterpiece which demonstrated to the world Volatire's genius as a satirist. The eponymous Candide is a young man tutored by an optimist who is convinced according to the cause and effect philosophy of Leibniz and perhaps is best summarized in Voltaire's leitmotif that human beings live in the "best of all possible worlds." Alexander Pope rather laughably made the same outrageous claim in his "Essay on Man" in which he writes, "Everything that is is right." How can this be so, you may well ask? Here is the nut of the problem: it seems that a perfect God has created a highly imperfect world. How can a good, omnipotent, loving God create a world in which so much catastrophic evil exists and which is so often allowed even to thrive? It is a question for the ages. Theologians argue that God created mankind with free will and without it they would simply be puppets without the freedom to make choices. Theologians also point out that the majority of the evil resident in our world is perpetuated on vast masses of humanity by other human beings, not God, and that evil is the cause and effect of conflicting self-interests imposed by people with more power upon the less powerful. But this point doesn't explain why a loving, all-powerful God would allow any of it to exist and endure. Why not cast down all the devils and give his human creatures a perfect garden, a paradise on earth, without snakes anywhere? Why did God create the serpent in the Garden of Eden in the first place? Voltaire, like Rousseau, was an avid gardener and Voltaire jests at Rousseau's good faith in the "Confessions" as if the latter were simply a country bumpkin. But gardens have a great deal of meaning in "Candide" as in, for example, Milton's "Paradise Lost" or "Genesis" and are thematically significant for Voltaire who concludes that gardens are, after all, a wise place to reside out of harm's way. Voltaire absolutely skewers the optimistic cause and effect of Pope and Leibniz with a catalog of tragicomic catastrophes which plague not only Candide and Pangloss but all of mankind infinitely. Consider the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755 which burst suddenly out of nowhere with all its raging fires and tidal waves to destroy nearly all of the city and the ships in its harbor. Is there no end even to the great catastrophes in which man has no hand but from which we are compelled to suffer except for God's grace? Voltaire's vivid and piercing wit is hilarious as he brazenly brings parody to places high and low, near and far, rich and poor to depict our world as the ultimate dystopia. In his novel Candide can only find a semblance of happiness in El Dorado, a rich, hidden world in South America: in other words, happiness in real life can only be found in a utopia without a basis for reality. So what are we to deduce about Candide? Is he a sometimes violent fool for all his naivete? And is Pangloss not a buffoon who earns his suffering so extensively at every turn of the road for his unjustified, unbridled optimism? Or are they heroic for their optimism despite the epic disasters that nearly devastate them time after time. Or is their fate really just the human condition and are they both just being all too human? You decide. In the course of your reading of this brief novel you may discover, as I did, that the optimists are constantly challenged by the gap between their optimism and reality, and that the pessimists are doomed to be the unhappiest people on the planet because they cannot imagine a world without misery and, thereby, create it for themselves wherever it doesn't really already exist. Take your pick of perspectives as a "free" human being and challenge your own assumptions about the human condition. Clearly, Balzac would seem to agree with his compatriot, Voltaire, that whatever you make of life on this earth, surely it is no less than an epic human comedy. At least in this life, thankfully, if you can stand back far enough, there is, God knows, no end to the laughter of the human condition.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Lisa

    “If this is the best of possible worlds, what then are the others?” If the world was created to drive us mad, as one character in "Candide" suggests, it is quite well suited for its purpose and running like a fine-tuned machine. If, on the other hand, everything is for the best in this best of possible worlds, as the optimist philosopher Pangloss claims in admiration for Leibniz' idea of a benevolent, planning, organised deity, the above question is fair and scary. What are the other worlds like, “If this is the best of possible worlds, what then are the others?” If the world was created to drive us mad, as one character in "Candide" suggests, it is quite well suited for its purpose and running like a fine-tuned machine. If, on the other hand, everything is for the best in this best of possible worlds, as the optimist philosopher Pangloss claims in admiration for Leibniz' idea of a benevolent, planning, organised deity, the above question is fair and scary. What are the other worlds like, if this is the best the creator can manage? Candide is born into a garden Eden and taught the dogma of optimistic thinking before being thrown out into the cruel world and embarking on an absurdly funny, incredibly brutal and increasingly cynical odyssey around a fictionalised, yet recognisable violent and unfair world. Consistently striving to understand his surroundings, he keeps asking questions and challenging the people he meets, and he keeps reflecting on the events he witnesses, such as the earthquake in Lisbon in 1755. How does reality fit in with metaphysical thoughts? Is it possible to reconcile life and faith and satisfy both body and soul, while facing the blatant inequality in the world? In the end, Candide resigns himself to his own, active but detached business of "cultiver notre jardin", - working to be able to shut out the atrocities of the world. He emancipates himself from the philosophical framework of his teacher Pangloss, even though he lets him keep on reflecting in his typical way, thus demonstrating more tolerance than Pangloss himself accomplishes. When I first read Candide, some twenty years ago, I thought of it as a roller coaster ride through different societies, on a quest to find individual meaning and happiness by figuring out what matters in life. I considered the external circumstances and the Leibnizian optimism a highly exaggerated sarcastic joke, a backdrop for the development of the idea that bliss is to be found in active, yet private pursuit of small scale business without dogmatic allegiances to any creed, be it religious, social or political. Now I am not so sure about the exaggeration anymore - having spent decades studying the interactions between human beings, and their habit of labelling a "total disaster" a "great win", positioning themselves somewhere in the grey zone between delusional optimism, brutal cynicism and complete disregard for truth. "L'optimisme c'est la rage de soutenir que tout est bien quand on est mal." If that is what the leaders of the world support, and the majority of populations accept in resignation while minding their own private business, how can we ever get to the point of attempting to fix the problems of this best of possible worlds? Acknowledging the issues would be the first step, wouldn't it? If we maintain climate change isn't happening, we will have human-induced catastrophes of the scale of the flood following the Lisbon earthquake. If we do not fight injustice and violence, but claim it is part of the bigger picture of the best possible of worlds, life will continue to be as brutal for our contemporaries as it was for Candide and his friends: “I should like to know which is worse: to be ravished a hundred times by pirates, and have a buttock cut off, and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians, and be flogged and hanged in an auto-da-fe, and be dissected, and have to row in a galley -- in short, to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered -- or simply to sit here and do nothing?' That is a hard question,' said Candide.” Having grown older, and more angry at the world, I do not agree with the two options presented. Life is not either about passively suffering it or withdrawing from the world altogether, it is about actively looking for change. It is about honestly admitting that we do not live in the best possible of worlds, while keeping up the fight to make it a tiny bit better, despite feeling despair creeping into our hearts every so often. It is about "cultiver notre jardin" - but not hidden away in a remote corner. The garden of our shared global community has to be tended! It is not oblivious, exclusive Eden, and never will be. But it can be a good enough place to live, if the Candides of this world decide to make it a common project - one that shows collaborative commitment despite continuous disappointment. I still love Candide with all my heart, but I think it is about time he applies the knowledge he gained from travelling the world to make it a more bearable place to be - for all people - starting by telling optimistic Pangloss that facts are more important than a false mantra hiding the issues under propaganda. Il faut cultiver notre planète - malgré tout!

  6. 4 out of 5

    Lizzy

    I dedicate this review to my dear friend Roger, a writer of inspiring reviews. This is in great part in answer to your question: "Do you ever read anything light?" Roger made me think: what major literature work, as nothing less would do!, that I read would fit the definition of light? Of course, Candide came up front to my mind. And what makes Candide so brilliant and hilarious? Not one think, but various factors combined: 1. Remarkable characters: a hopelessly naïve protagonist, for whom you ha I dedicate this review to my dear friend Roger, a writer of inspiring reviews. This is in great part in answer to your question: "Do you ever read anything light?" Roger made me think: what major literature work, as nothing less would do!, that I read would fit the definition of light? Of course, Candide came up front to my mind. And what makes Candide so brilliant and hilarious? Not one think, but various factors combined: 1. Remarkable characters: a hopelessly naïve protagonist, for whom you have no choice but be sympathetic with; wastrel nobles, besides a motley group from priests to prostitutes, philosophers (how could Voltaire not include a parody of himself?) ending with fanatics and fiends; 2. The absurdity of its plot: The plot is dizzying, hectic and horrifying, while its protagonist goes from nobility to serfdom, from penury to extravagance, from significance and misery to anonymity and contentment. Wholly unconventional! And its readers become dazzled by its unfolding events that that despite being absurd are also utterly real; 3. The genius of Voltaire: as you turn the pages you realize that’s he is there, peeking from behind the curtains into the stage, whispering to you: It could all be true! Oh, yes! So, a long string of jokes creeps from the pages to the reader, absurdities that are not so absurd; and enriches the reading experience with insight into its context. Candide reveals itself as a long-gone-road-trip Journal of genuine charitable naivety. The tragedies and violence are never ending, more than anybody’s fair share. Poor Candide, he skips from one misadventure to another: gets kicked out of his home; is drafted into the army; gains a fortune, loses his fortune; chases the object of his desire all over the world: “I should like to know which is worse: to be ravished a hundred times by pirates, and have a buttock cut off, and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians, and be flogged and hanged in an auto-da-fe, and be dissected, and have to row in a galley -- in short, to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered -- or simply to sit here and do nothing?” At all his disasters and misfortunes, his teacher and traveling companion Dr. Pangloss simply rationalizes: 'it is all for the best!' This is the best possible world we live in, and the bad things that occur happen to be the best to show us the blessing of what we have. Is that it? Voltaire goes further: “'It is demonstrable,' said he, 'that things cannot be otherwise than as they are; for as all things have been created for some end, they must necessarily be created for the best end. Observe, for instance, the nose is formed for spectacles, therefore we wear spectacles. The legs are visibly designed for stockings, accordingly we wear stockings. Stones were made to be hewn and to construct castles, therefore My Lord has a magnificent castle; for the greatest baron in the province ought to be the best lodged. Swine were intended to be eaten, therefore we eat pork all the year round: and they, who assert that everything is right, do not express themselves correctly; they should say that everything is best.'” How could it not be more absurd and hilarious! And so Voltaire succeeds in ridiculing his world. And, in a way, our own! “All events are linked together in the best of possible worlds; after all, if you had not been driven from a fine castle by being kicked in the backside for love of Miss Cunegonde, if you hadn't been sent before the Inquisition, if you hadn't traveled across America on foot, if you hadn't given a good sword thrust to the baron, if you hadn't lost all your sheep from the good land of Eldorado, you wouldn't be sitting here eating candied citron and pistachios. Exhausted, Candide finally finds his just-retreat "[w]e must cultivate our garden." Yes, Candide is one of my favorite books, and it occupies a very special place in that collection.

  7. 5 out of 5

    K.D. Absolutely

    panglossian - adj. characterized by or given to extreme optimism, especially in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity. If an English word came from a book's character, that must be something. If the book was written and first published in the 18th century and many people still read it up to now, that must be really something. I thought Voltaire's Candide was a difficult boring slow long read. Wrong. Exactly the opposite. It's an easy, very entertaining, fast-paced and short (only 100 page panglossian - adj. characterized by or given to extreme optimism, especially in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity. If an English word came from a book's character, that must be something. If the book was written and first published in the 18th century and many people still read it up to now, that must be really something. I thought Voltaire's Candide was a difficult boring slow long read. Wrong. Exactly the opposite. It's an easy, very entertaining, fast-paced and short (only 100 pages) read. If you are still scared of reading classics (pre-1900), give this one a try. You will love this! It tells a story of a man named Candide who falls in love with a materialistic but very beautiful Cunegonde. Her barron father of the lady does not approve of the affair so he kicks Candide out from house. So, Candide wanders around and meets all the misfortunes along the way. The novel is a picaresque as the long travel, meeting a lot of people and experiencing all the fortunes and misfortunes along the way, ends up with Candide enjoying his life and tending the beautiful garden of his estate. This is the reason why I, after more than 3 years, went to our frontyard this morning and tended my overgrown garden. I pruned the trees and the shrubs, trimmed the plants, pulled out some weeds while my daughter helped in shooing away big red ants and removing the cobwebs. Reading has these all positive effects on me. It can even remind me of the things that I have been forgetting for a long time. This novel closes with this line: "That is well said," replied Candide, "but we must cultivate our garden.". When I finished reading it last night, I said, why not? Its complete title is Candide or Optimism because of Candide's tutor, Doctor Pangloss who is an extreme optimist that Candide learns to always look at the positive side of things. You may say that I liked this book because of that. Wrong. The positivity of Dr. Pangloss is one for the books as it verges on stupidity and it is so funny when Candide remembers him and says "I wonder what would Pangloss say if he was here?" Having an English word culled from his name is really appropriate. He is really one for the books. A life err routine-changing novel since I am gardening again after 3 long years of doing nothing at home but reading, reading and reading... Except of course when am I at Goodreads reading book reviews of my friends, clicking the Like button and when I am in front of my desktop killing zombies by throwing plants at them. I liked this book!

  8. 4 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    970. Candide, Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire Candide, is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with English versions titled Candide: or, All for the Best (1759); Candide: or, The Optimist (1762); and Candide: Optimism (1947). It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. T 970. Candide, Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire Candide, is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with English versions titled Candide: or, All for the Best (1759); Candide: or, The Optimist (1762); and Candide: Optimism (1947). It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism by his mentor, Professor Pangloss. The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow and painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting Leibnizian optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best" in the "best of all possible worlds". عنوانها: کاندید؛ کاندید یا خوشبینی؛ اثر: ولتر؛ انتشاراتیها: نیل، جامی، بنگاه ترجمه، جوانه توس؛ دستان؛ بهنود) ادبیات؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: اول ماه اکتبر سال 1971 میلادی موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسوی قرن 18 م عنوان: کاندید یا خوشبینی؛ اثر: ولتر، مترجم: جهانگیر افکاری، مشخصات نشر: تهران، بنگاه ترجمه و نشر کتاب، 1340، در 173 ص، زیر نظر: احسان یارشاطر، چاپ دیگر: جامی، 1382 عنوان: کاندید؛ اثر: ولتر، مترجم: احمد مقدم، مشخصات نشر: تهران، بهنود، 1371، در 72 ص عنوان: کاندید؛ اثر: ولتر، مترجم: محمد عالیخانی، مشخصات نشر: تهران، دستان، 1382، در 182 ص، مصور، شابک: 9647642059 عنوان: کاندید متن دوزبانه فارسی و فرانسه؛ اثر: ولتر، مترجم: جمشید بهرامیان، مشخصات نشر: تهران، بهرامیان، 1382، در 205 ص، شابک: 9649222219؛ عنوان: کاندید ؛ اثر: ولتر، مترجم: هانیه فهیمی، مشخصات نشر: تهران، جوانه توس، 1385، در 102 ص، شابک: ایکس - 964965240؛ کاندید، نام جوانی ست؛ که در قصر بارون آلمانی زندگی می‌کند. بارون، شخصی به نام: پانگلوس را، که از بهترین آموزگاران است، برای تربیت کاندید استخدام می‌کند. پانگلوس، هماره به کاندید می‌آموزد: ما در محیطی سرشار از خوشبختی و خوبی، زندگی می‌کنیم. پس از مدتی بارون، به کاندید شک می‌کند، و به گمان اینکه به دختر او نظر دارد، کاندید را از کاخ بیرون می‌کند. کاندید نیز به اجبار، به گروه سربازان بلغاری، می‌پیوندد. کاندید در جریان این رویدادها متوجه می‌شود، که دنیا، محلی سرشار از خوشبختی نیست. سپس دوباره به استاد خویش برمیخورد، و ایشان را در حال گدایی می‌بیند. کاندید نظر معلمش را درباره ی اینکه دنیا مکانی برای خوشبختی انسان است جویا می‌شود؛ و پانگلوس می‌گوید: شرایط زندگی می‌توانست بدتر از این هم بشود. و سپس از آنچه بر او گذشته میگوید، و ماجراهایی که بر کاندید بگذشته را میشنود. در پایان می‌گوید: باور دارد همه چیز در دنیا برای خوشبختی مردمان و به بهترین نحو فراهم شده‌ است. ا. شربیانی

  9. 5 out of 5

    Chris

    Zounds! This book is wildly entertaining and I giggled all the way through Candide's awful adventures. Who would have thought that murder, rape, slavery, sexual exploitation, natural disaster, pillaging, theft, and every other oppression imaginable could be so funny? Here's some pretty good insight from the old woman with one buttock: "I have been a hundred times upon the point of killing myself, but still I was fond of life. This ridiculous weakness is, perhaps, one of the dangerous principles im Zounds! This book is wildly entertaining and I giggled all the way through Candide's awful adventures. Who would have thought that murder, rape, slavery, sexual exploitation, natural disaster, pillaging, theft, and every other oppression imaginable could be so funny? Here's some pretty good insight from the old woman with one buttock: "I have been a hundred times upon the point of killing myself, but still I was fond of life. This ridiculous weakness is, perhaps, one of the dangerous principles implanted in our nature. For what can be more absurd than to persist in carrying a burden of which we wish to be eased? to detest, and yet to strive to preserve our existence? In a word, to caress the serpent that devours us, and hug him close to our bosoms till he has gnawed into our hearts?" We can try to remain optimistic and rationalize that the horrors we witness are all a part of some plan but the choice to keep on living is a truly irrational one given all of the evidence available for us to consider. We go on living against our better judgment and in spite of all of our misery. It is what we were born to do. "'You lack faith,' said Candide. 'It is because,' said Martin, 'I have seen the world.'"

  10. 5 out of 5

    Rakhi Dalal

    I loved Candide! It is such a brilliant satire on the ideas observed through the glass of rosy eyed philosophy. “All is for the best in the best of all possible worlds”!!! Candide, a young fellow, believes that whatever happens is for the best, courtesy his tutor Dr. Pangloss. The writing covers a number of unfavorable happenings and incidents, which should have been sufficient enough to let him abandon the colored glasses. But voila! Our man Candide is one optimist! He continues believing even I loved Candide! It is such a brilliant satire on the ideas observed through the glass of rosy eyed philosophy. “All is for the best in the best of all possible worlds”!!! Candide, a young fellow, believes that whatever happens is for the best, courtesy his tutor Dr. Pangloss. The writing covers a number of unfavorable happenings and incidents, which should have been sufficient enough to let him abandon the colored glasses. But voila! Our man Candide is one optimist! He continues believing even through all the misfortunes in life. Nothing, not even the greatest follies of mankind like injustice, greed, apathy can shake his belief. In search of his beloved, Lady Cunegonde, he faces one trouble after another; at each step believing the philosophy to be true for he believes that he will be happy after he reunites with the love of his life. After many misadventures, he finally reunites with the Lady only to find that he doesn’t love her that much. (view spoiler)[(for she turns from being very beautiful to being very ugly for the hardships that she faces in life ) (hide spoiler)] Still, Candide goes ahead and marries her to keep his promise, but he realizes that he hasn’t been happy at all. So, where do we get from here? Voltaire’s work is not only a satire on the times he lived in but can also be seen as a mirror to the modern societies where similar beliefs still find a strong foothold. It made me contemplate how still the religious or ideological conditioning can play a larger role in the underdevelopment of minds, thereby restricting rational thinking. It is further astonishing to witness the influence such ideas can exercise, if they are bestowed regularly with zest on a naive mind. (view spoiler)[(Here, I unwilling refrain myself from quoting examples from the ideas prevalent closer home.) (hide spoiler)] Religious fanaticism is one of the examples where such conditioning can bring about discord in the societies. And more than this, an individual, accepting such ideology, stands in danger of coming face to face with a sense of utter despair or worthlessness at the mere hint of failure of the long held ideas. So, what can be a solution to this? In this work, Voltaire suggests hard work i.e. labor for people to find happiness in life. He opines that labor holds off three great evils: tedium, vice and poverty, making life more supportable. I do agree with him. Along with this I also believe that younger minds should be encouraged to question and analyse the ideas presented to them, so that what they exercise are not mere vague ideas but beliefs which can sturdily stand the test of the times.

  11. 4 out of 5

    Rowena

    This is a truly hilarious satire which starts with poor Candide being kicked out of the castle where he was born and brought up, after he falls in love with the baron’s daughter, Cunegonde. Then his troubles begin, and he ends up travelling all around the world looking for his beloved. Candide experiences trial after trial, each one as bad and as far-fetched as the last. However, the way in which these trials were described did not make one feel too sorry for him; the story had more of the feel o This is a truly hilarious satire which starts with poor Candide being kicked out of the castle where he was born and brought up, after he falls in love with the baron’s daughter, Cunegonde. Then his troubles begin, and he ends up travelling all around the world looking for his beloved. Candide experiences trial after trial, each one as bad and as far-fetched as the last. However, the way in which these trials were described did not make one feel too sorry for him; the story had more of the feel of a tragicomedy, especially with the speed of events and the gross exaggerations. Candide’s mentor, the philosopher, Pangloss, was such an infuriating yet funny character. He maintains that “…everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds” and stubbornly sticks by this maxim. This book is a bildungsroman of sorts because we see what Candide makes of that supposition throughout his trials. Voltaire spares nobody in his attack on society. “Figure to yourself all the contradictions, and all the absurdities possible, and you will find them in the church, in the government, in the tribunals, and in the theatres of this droll nation.” I can only imagine what an uproar this book must have created when it was first published. All in all, a very funny book.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Chris

    While fruitlessly searching for something decent to read, I invariably come across a ton of acclaim for total hacks being labeled as ‘master satirists’. God that pisses me off, especially since none of those books are worth a damn, and while the authors wrongly think they have something interesting or unique to say, the thing that really disheartens me is that someone out there agrees with them. For each of these books, there should be a simple label affixed to the front cover that reads ‘Not As While fruitlessly searching for something decent to read, I invariably come across a ton of acclaim for total hacks being labeled as ‘master satirists’. God that pisses me off, especially since none of those books are worth a damn, and while the authors wrongly think they have something interesting or unique to say, the thing that really disheartens me is that someone out there agrees with them. For each of these books, there should be a simple label affixed to the front cover that reads ‘Not As Good As Candide’. I seriously think this would alleviate about 30% of all my unresolved issues with the public’s perception of what makes for decent reading. The other 70% could be resolved by making major overhauls to a universal ‘required reading’ list: The Great Gatsby, eh….let’s just toss that crap out and put Cosmos on there, how about actually learning something while you read? I’m not about to give Candide a perfect score, and I don’t think that it deserves one, but I will say that it’s damn good. It seems that some of the popular philosophy making the rounds back in Francois-Marie’s day was just rubbing him wrong, especially the absolutely moronic concept that we live in ‘the best of all possible worlds’. Most people hear something that weak and simply binge drink to erase the awful memory that somebody out there could possibly believe that kind of shit. A lot of people write against these notions and somehow get their pitiful little whims published in the commentary of the local newspaper, and you wish you could choke those imbeciles as well, for giving more press to an already absurd concept. Lastly, there are the few that decide to sit down and write a satire about a hundred pages long to denounce what they consider absolute folly. And with Candide, Voltaire relentlessly attacks the ridiculous philosophy of Liebniz and his familiars, attempting to show that this is not, by any stretch of the imagination, the best of all possible worlds (mainly because of the large number of utter clods totally f--king up the works). Our hero, Candide, is a naive youth being reared in the castle of a Westphalian Baron, living the good life while being tutored by a total fraud and hack named Pangloss, the Baron’s oracle/scholar. The only hindrance in the life of our featherbedded little friend is that his love interest, Cunogonde, happens to be the Baron’s vivacious 17-year old daughter, and the Baron isn’t about to have his daughter betrothed to some chump lacking the amount of noble ancestry suitable to his standards. The soothing, silver tongue of Pangloss has made an indelible mark on Candide, however, and when the opportunity arises to plant a surreptitious smooch on Cunegonde, he’s busted in the act and driven from the castle “when the Baron saluted Candide with some notable kicks on the rear”. That’s just hilarious, 'notable kicks', and there’s something this appealing on basically every page to follow: as this is only just the beginning; the first misfortune to befall our thick-skulled friend, Candide. Each successive f--king he suffers along the way is not only totally hilariously described in an absurd fashion, but is usually resolved in awesomely unreal turns of fate (I don’t think I could make it more than five pages without either cracking a smile or outright laughing for all the right reasons). The Baron’s castle is sacked by Bulgarians following Candide’s exile, setting the lively and luscious Cunegonde in flight from Westphalia as well, and one unfortunate event after another befalls both lovers; with Candide’s life quickly becoming filled with floggings, poverty, the Inquisition. natural disasters, piracy, and getting pimp-jacked as a result of some devious manipulation, while his beloved is reduced to harlotry, being ravished or ravaged, and unbecoming servitude at the hands of her completely offensive captors and suitors. Wow. It probably isn’t the best book you’ll ever read, but I'd be pretty shocked to find out it wasn't even enjoyed.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Candi

    "In the castle of Baron Thunder-ten-tronchkh in Westphalia, there once lived a youth endowed by nature with the gentlest of characters. His soul was revealed in his face. He combined rather sound judgment with great simplicity of mind; it was for this reason, I believe, that he was given the name of Candide." I have to admit straightaway that in my youth, I was most like the naïve and often foolish Candide, believing in the teachings of the optimistic Dr. Pangloss that "all is for the best". Thou "In the castle of Baron Thunder-ten-tronchkh in Westphalia, there once lived a youth endowed by nature with the gentlest of characters. His soul was revealed in his face. He combined rather sound judgment with great simplicity of mind; it was for this reason, I believe, that he was given the name of Candide." I have to admit straightaway that in my youth, I was most like the naïve and often foolish Candide, believing in the teachings of the optimistic Dr. Pangloss that "all is for the best". Though not expelled from my castle and "earthly paradise" for falling in love with the wrong young man and forcing the wrath of his parent to fall upon my shoulders, I did leave my humble abode to find independence, seek fortune and to live happily ever after. I knew there existed hardships in the world, but they could never really affect me personally, could they? Well, I am thankful to say that such misfortunes did not fall directly upon me as they did for Candide and the other characters of this penetrating and often comical little book. After his expulsion from the castle of Westphalia, Candide experiences, witnesses and hears about one horrific calamity after another as he travels the world – murder, war, rape, the Inquisition, theft, natural disasters and more. The events are often quite shocking and sometimes on the verge of being simply absurd (when you read about the old woman you will see what I mean here). I may not have been the wretched victim of such outrageous atrocities, yet as I began to make my own way in the world I grew to understand that such evil really did exist all around me. Candide, while not completely disillusioned, begins to question the faith of the ever so hopeful Dr. Pangloss. If given the opportunity to discuss what he has endured with this great philosopher, Candide believes Pangloss "would have told us admirable things about the physical and moral evils that cover the earth and the sea, and I would have felt strong enough to venture a few respectful objections." So, Candide matures and hardens a bit, but continues on with a morsel of optimism. As he continues his voyage, Candide deliberately seeks to find "the most unfortunate" and "most disgusted" man to travel with him. Thus he meets Martin. We have all probably met a Martin. Some days, when I hear about the ugliness in the world, I feel like a Martin myself. Martin maintains that God has abandoned this world. He declares "I’ve almost never seen a town that didn’t desire the ruin of some neighboring town, or a family that didn’t want to exterminate some other family. Everywhere in the world, the weak detest the strong and grovel before them, and the strong treat them like flocks of sheep to be sold for their meat and wool." And so, how does one continue to live in this world? Should one bear extreme optimism like Dr. Pangloss or extreme pessimism like Martin? Is there something in between that allows us not to view the world with rose-colored glasses and ignorance but yet one that does not drown us in negativity and despair? One perhaps must take what we have been given, make the best of it, and find some rewarding work (whether that be a career, raising a family, or utilizing our talents in some way). As Candide discovered – "we must cultivate our garden". A copy of this little satirical piece has been sitting on my basement shelf for perhaps 20 years. I don’t know where it came from, but I’m happy to say that I have finally picked it up and absorbed its lessons. I’m not certain if I understood the message correctly, but I think I did - at least in my own way. I liked this book. I didn’t necessarily love the way it was told, perhaps a bit silly and over the top for my liking, but I adored the little message it carried. No doubt Voltaire was brilliant and this book has endured for good reason. It’s a quick little read and worth your time. 3.5 stars

  14. 5 out of 5

    Mohammed-Makram

    و كان يريد أن يعرف كيف يصلون للرب في إلدورادو فقال العجوز الطيب و الحكيم و المحترم: نحن لا نصلي له فليس لدينا ما نطلبه إليه فلقد أعطانا كل ما يلزمنا و نحن نشكره باستمرار. فشعر كانديد بالفضول ليرى الكهنة فجعل كاكامبو يسأل أين يكونون؟ فضحك العجوز الطيب و قال: يا أصدقائي نحن جميعا كهنة. إن الملك و كل أرباب العائلات يرتلون الأناشيد و الحمد لله باحتفال كل صباح و يرافقهم خمسة أو ستة آلاف موسيقي. ماذا؟! ليس لديكم رهبانا يعملون و يحكمون و يأتمرون و يحرقون الناس الذين يخالفونهم الرأي؟!!! في أجواء تشبه أ و كان يريد أن يعرف كيف يصلون للرب في إلدورادو فقال العجوز الطيب و الحكيم و المحترم: نحن لا نصلي له فليس لدينا ما نطلبه إليه فلقد أعطانا كل ما يلزمنا و نحن نشكره باستمرار. فشعر كانديد بالفضول ليرى الكهنة فجعل كاكامبو يسأل أين يكونون؟ فضحك العجوز الطيب و قال: يا أصدقائي نحن جميعا كهنة. إن الملك و كل أرباب العائلات يرتلون الأناشيد و الحمد لله باحتفال كل صباح و يرافقهم خمسة أو ستة آلاف موسيقي. ماذا؟! ليس لديكم رهبانا يعملون و يحكمون و يأتمرون و يحرقون الناس الذين يخالفونهم الرأي؟!!! في أجواء تشبه أجواء ألف ليلة و ليلة يأخذنا فولتير في مغامرات متصلة لبطل الرواية الساذج كانديد الذي يبحث عن المعنى الفلسفي وراء ل شيء و يتعرض لمغامرات لا تنقطع نكاد نلهث وراءها طول الرواية القصيرة ثم ينتهي في أرض من يظنه عدو فيستقر فيها و يصل إلى خلاصة الحكمة بكلمته الشهيرة الأثيرة: إذا ماذا علينا أن نفعل؟ فلنعمل بلا تفكير. يجب علينا أن نزرع حديقتنا.

  15. 4 out of 5

    mai ahmd

    من الأدب الساخر بطلها يدعى كانديدوترجمتها حسب ما قرأت هي الساذج تقوم الرواية على فكرة أن العالم ملىء بالشر وإن الإنسان عليه أن لا يسرف بالتفاؤل ولعلها فعلا كما ظن جاك جان روسو كانت الرد على رسالته التي وجهها إلى فولتير والتي تنتقد النظرة التشاؤمية التي يكتب بها فولتير وإن كان يظن أن فولتير لم يطلع على تلك الرسالة مع إن كل الدلائل تشير لعكس ذلك ، ينتقد فولتير هذا العالم الممتلىء بالقسوة فالكل في هذه الرواية يبدو شريرا .. كما إنه لا توجد قوانين أخلاقية تجمع بين البشر ..بل المنفعة والأنانية والسل من الأدب الساخر بطلها يدعى كانديدوترجمتها حسب ما قرأت هي الساذج تقوم الرواية على فكرة أن العالم ملىء بالشر وإن الإنسان عليه أن لا يسرف بالتفاؤل ولعلها فعلا كما ظن جاك جان روسو كانت الرد على رسالته التي وجهها إلى فولتير والتي تنتقد النظرة التشاؤمية التي يكتب بها فولتير وإن كان يظن أن فولتير لم يطلع على تلك الرسالة مع إن كل الدلائل تشير لعكس ذلك ، ينتقد فولتير هذا العالم الممتلىء بالقسوة فالكل في هذه الرواية يبدو شريرا .. كما إنه لا توجد قوانين أخلاقية تجمع بين البشر ..بل المنفعة والأنانية والسلطة المتوحشة التي لا تأبه لأي قانون ما تعرّض له شخوص الرواية من مصائر مروعة خلال رحلات النجاة كان طريفا وإن لم يتوجب ذلك أعني أن تضحك في عز مأساة أحدهم لذلك يبدو وكأن استخدام روح الدعابة التي مرت عبر النص بأكمله أمرا غير مستساغا لكن فولتير يخلق الطرافة لأن الرواية أريد لها أن تكون ساخرة لتعبر الخطوط الحمراء .. ربط فولتير الأفكار والقضاياالتي يريد تمريرها ببعض العبارات الفلسفية ..ومن خلال الجمع ما بين هذا وذاك فولتير ينتقد ما تفعله الحروب وما يولده التعصب الديني ، والعنف والعبودية .. شخصيتان في الرواية تمثلان صفتين نقيضتين في الحياة التفاؤل والتشاؤم التفاؤل ممثلا في شخصية بانجلوس الفيلسوف وهو معلم كانديد ، التشاؤم يمثله مارتن رفيق إحدى رحلاته ، في الوقت الذي كان الفيلسوف يرى أن مهما حدثت هناك من مصائب فإن ..الأمور لا زالت على مايرام وهي فكرة تثير الغيط وتجعلك تود أن تشد شعرك بينما يسيطر على مارتن القلق ويسرف في التشاؤم المثير للحزن.. فهو دائما لايرى أي مخرج وكل الطرق تؤدي إلى لا مكان يبدو فولتير ساخرا من كلا الموقفين .. وفي النهاية يدعو فولتير لتحسين العالم من خلال بذل المزيد من الجهد ( لنزرع حديقتنا )في الوقت الذي تشعر فيه الخادمة العجوز بالملل من الوضع الجديد وتظن أن كل ما مر بهم من ويلات لهو أفضل من هذه الحياة الباردة التي قررها كانديد استخدم فولتير أسلوب المبالغة في الحدث لتبدو الشخصيات أقرب للكاريكاتورية التي تضخم أنف أو فم أو تكبر رأس .. مما يذكرني برواية جوستين للماركيز دو ساد والتي كان تُضرب بالسوط أينما إتجهت وتتعرض للإيذاء وهذه المبالغة لا تختلف عنها المبالغة في الأحداث في عالم كانديد فتجد كانديد يبكي على وفاة الفيلسوف أو وفاة حبيبته لكنهما يعودان للظهور وكأن شيئا لم يحدث لهم .. إلا أن الفرق شاسع في الهدف من هذه المبالغة بكل بساطة فولتير كان يود أن يقول : كيف يمكن أن نتجاهل كل هذا الشر والقتل الفساد والعبودية ونقول أن الأمور مازالت على ما يرام ! ومع كل الأفكار التنويرية التي طرحها فولتير غير أني لا أحب الأدب الساخر ثلاث نقاط فقط :(

  16. 5 out of 5

    Vit Babenco

    All is for the best in the best of all possible worlds… And following this sententious wisdom Candide embarks on the quest of his life. Never was anything so gallant, so well accoutred, so brilliant, and so finely disposed as the two armies. The trumpets, fifes, hautboys, drums, and cannon made such harmony as never was heard in Hell itself. His adventures begin with war… Wars bring glory to those who are on the winning side… Especially to the monarchs and their generals… As for the rest, they may All is for the best in the best of all possible worlds… And following this sententious wisdom Candide embarks on the quest of his life. Never was anything so gallant, so well accoutred, so brilliant, and so finely disposed as the two armies. The trumpets, fifes, hautboys, drums, and cannon made such harmony as never was heard in Hell itself. His adventures begin with war… Wars bring glory to those who are on the winning side… Especially to the monarchs and their generals… As for the rest, they may rest in peace. But Candide never frets… He moves on… “All this was indispensably necessary,” replied the one–eyed doctor, “for private misfortunes are public benefits; so that the more private misfortunes there are, the greater is the general good.” So Candide never worries… He moves on… He bravely proceeds from bad to worse… And his followers, those who had managed to survive, follow… “The Moors presently stripped us as bare as ever we were born. My mother, my maids of honor, and myself, were served all in the same manner. It is amazing how quick these gentry are at undressing people. But what surprised me most was, that they made a rude sort of surgical examination of parts of the body which are sacred to the functions of nature. I thought it a very strange kind of ceremony; for thus we are generally apt to judge of things when we have not seen the world. I afterwards learned that it was to discover if we had any diamonds concealed. This practice had been established since time immemorial among those civilized nations that scour the seas. I was informed that the religious Knights of Malta never fail to make this search whenever any Moors of either sex fall into their hands. It is a part of the law of nations, from which they never deviate.” It looks like the law of nations didn’t change much since then. Never trust a philosopher… Optimism is a loss of orientation in the surrounding reality…

  17. 4 out of 5

    Brian Yahn

    In only about 100 pages, Voltaire says more than your average 7 book series... Which would be great if most of what he talked about wasn't dated into irrelevance. So unless you're a French scholar, appreciating his satire seems unrealistic. Combine that with the speed at which the plot moves, and keeping up with Candide is definitely a chore. Truly enjoying his adventure seems like a privilege only possible for the super-educated. At one time, Candide was a must-read. But, for the average person In only about 100 pages, Voltaire says more than your average 7 book series... Which would be great if most of what he talked about wasn't dated into irrelevance. So unless you're a French scholar, appreciating his satire seems unrealistic. Combine that with the speed at which the plot moves, and keeping up with Candide is definitely a chore. Truly enjoying his adventure seems like a privilege only possible for the super-educated. At one time, Candide was a must-read. But, for the average person, that time probably passed a hundred years ago.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Mike Puma

    3.5 stars rounded up for its Classic-ness. Everyone knows this story, don’t they? A gentle-hearted and dimwitted pretty boy has his life turned upside-down, repeatedly, and in the most reprehensible ways—not just him, everyone he knows or admires or loves—all for the love of a woman* whose name is, presumably, premised on a joke, a pun, for female genitalia. Yes, folks, a charming little picaresque which, in addition to being an extended opportunity for risqué jokes, afforded Voltaire a much-ne 3.5 stars rounded up for its Classic-ness. Everyone knows this story, don’t they? A gentle-hearted and dimwitted pretty boy has his life turned upside-down, repeatedly, and in the most reprehensible ways—not just him, everyone he knows or admires or loves—all for the love of a woman* whose name is, presumably, premised on a joke, a pun, for female genitalia. Yes, folks, a charming little picaresque which, in addition to being an extended opportunity for risqué jokes, afforded Voltaire a much-needed opportunity to vent and rail against every philosophy, religion, nationality, public official, and cleric which or whoever had cause enough to offend him. Well done, sir. Glad you got that off your chest.Now my own minor rant—Barnes & Noble Classic Editions. Don’t get me wrong, in many ways I love them (even if most are the public domain versions of classics). At least B&N has the decency to include often-valuable Introductions chock-full of insight and SPOILERS. In my experience, these introductions are best-read after reading the work(s) they precede when reading the title for the first time unless one is reading as an assignment when there’s no expectation of enjoying the work contained.But, alas, now I must cultivate my garden—brown and withered though it may be. * Straight people, right? As much as I’d like to think so, (blame, point fingers, taunt, etc.) when I look around, I’m kinda stuck thinkin’ : People.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Maria Espadinha

    Para Um Mundo Melhor Pontualmente, cada Acontecimento é a resultante dum conjunto de premissas que causaram a inevitabilidade do seu Acontecer. Tudo está bem como está pois nada poderia estar onde não está. Donde se conclui que Tudo está o Melhor Possível. Note-se que, o que está aqui em causa não é a Imutabilidade do Todo. Esta Filosofia apenas preconiza que qualquer alteração ao nível do que acontece, pressupõe uma investigação prévia da conjuntura responsável pelo Acontecimento. Só a criação dum c Para Um Mundo Melhor Pontualmente, cada Acontecimento é a resultante dum conjunto de premissas que causaram a inevitabilidade do seu Acontecer. Tudo está bem como está pois nada poderia estar onde não está. Donde se conclui que Tudo está o Melhor Possível. Note-se que, o que está aqui em causa não é a Imutabilidade do Todo. Esta Filosofia apenas preconiza que qualquer alteração ao nível do que acontece, pressupõe uma investigação prévia da conjuntura responsável pelo Acontecimento. Só a criação dum conjunto de novas premissas poderá ocasionar um Novo Resultado. Ao demonstrar que só a Aceitação do Estado de Coisas Existente é Verosímil, Voltaire está a incitar-nos não à Passividade mas sim à Mudança. O Todo Existente, carece de facto, duma Urgente Intervenção! "Está visto que os homens corromperam um pouco a natureza, pois não nasceram lobos e tornaram-se lobos. Deus não lhes deu nem canhões nem baionetas e eles fabricaram-nos para se aniquilarem" Embora forçados a aceitar o que está a acontecer, cabe-nos impedir que o que está para vir se manifeste como uma eterna repetição do mesmo. Na sua última frase, Cândido aponta-nos o Caminho: "É preciso Cultivar o Nosso Jardim". Com outras e melhores sementes, acrescento eu! Melhorando as causas, melhoram os efeitos!...

  20. 4 out of 5

    Manny

    Not bought this book last time we visited Foyles; since it was lying around, I couldn't resist the temptation to read it again. You can read Candide any number of times. A particularly fine passage which I had forgotten, from the Eldorado sequence:Cacambo expliquait les bons mots du roi à Candide, et quoique traduits, ils paraissaient toujours des bons mots. De tout ce qui étonnait Candide, ce n'était pas ce qui l'étonna le moins. Cacambo explained the king's witty remarks to Candide, and, althou Not bought this book last time we visited Foyles; since it was lying around, I couldn't resist the temptation to read it again. You can read Candide any number of times. A particularly fine passage which I had forgotten, from the Eldorado sequence:Cacambo expliquait les bons mots du roi à Candide, et quoique traduits, ils paraissaient toujours des bons mots. De tout ce qui étonnait Candide, ce n'était pas ce qui l'étonna le moins. Cacambo explained the king's witty remarks to Candide, and, although they had been translated, they were still witty. Of all the things that astonished Candide, this was not the one that astonished him least.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Trevor

    This is quite a remarkable book – a satirical attack on the notion that we live in the best of all possible worlds and that therefore all that happens in such a world invariably happens for the best. Voltaire is supposed to have written the whole thing in barely three days – a rather productive half-week. What I found particularly interesting here was the discussion of war – how the horrors of war are presented in such an off-hand way and almost invariably the utter inhumanity of what is describe This is quite a remarkable book – a satirical attack on the notion that we live in the best of all possible worlds and that therefore all that happens in such a world invariably happens for the best. Voltaire is supposed to have written the whole thing in barely three days – a rather productive half-week. What I found particularly interesting here was the discussion of war – how the horrors of war are presented in such an off-hand way and almost invariably the utter inhumanity of what is described (rape and even eating half of someone’s bum) is just chalked up to ‘the way things are’. The question of free will, human agency and responsibility for our actions – something that the notion of our living in the best of all possible worlds does much to undermine – is never far from the surface here, but invariably it remains just under the surface. This is a ‘show, don’t tell’ book – even if the showing is heavy-handed in the extreme. It would take a particularly committed optimist to go through what the characters in this book do and come out the other end still thinking the world is beyond any possibility of improvement. What I particularly liked, though, was the very end and the garden that is being tended. It is through Candide’s labours to create this garden that he finally finds some sense of human dignity, stability and even a kind of happiness. The book is otherwise the odyssey of a fool, but this final acceptance of life as struggle and a kind of stoic acceptance of the rewards that come from labour is quite a lovely thing, really. Even before I got to the end I kept thinking the whole way through the book about how different Eastern and Western notions of these things are and have been. When the Buddha was first confronted by the world outside his idyllic palace he realised life was suffering. It is odd that when we in the West are confronted with much the same vision of the world around us we all too often excuse that suffering as being necessary for the greater good. This little book by Voltaire shows such inhumanity isn’t a necessary assumption of the Western tradition, that sometimes even we can be shocked by the horrors we inflict on others and even humbled by suffering.

  22. 5 out of 5

    Sawsan

    بعد أن يطوف كانديد بلاد العالم ويرى أفعال وشرور البشر يتأكد أنه لا شيء يسير على ما يُرام نص ساخر يحكي فيه فولتير أحداث ومفارقات مضحكة ليتساءل عن وجود الانسان ونظرته للحياة ويسخر من التفاؤل وينتقد الأحوال السياسية والدينية والفكرية السائدة

  23. 5 out of 5

    Saleh MoonWalker

    ساده لوح رمان کاندید، حاصل حدود سی سال تحقیق و بررسی ولتر از ادیان و مکاتب و فرهنگ های گوناگون و مشهورترین داستان اوست. ماجرای داستان منحصر به یک محدوده جغرافیایی نیست. علاوه بر کشورهای مختلف اروپایی، داستان در برّ جدید و نهایتا در ترکیه امروزی خاتمه می یابد. ولتر در این رمان، طیف وسیعی از افکار فلسفی و دینی رایج در زمان خود را منعکس می سازد. وی این رمان را در پاسخ به جهان بینی مثبت گرای لایبنیتز نگاشته است. نکته ای که همه جا به چشم می خورد، خرافات ستیزی ولتر و تنفرش از اصحاب کلیساست. البته او شمشی ساده لوح رمان کاندید، حاصل حدود سی سال تحقیق و بررسی ولتر از ادیان و مکاتب و فرهنگ های گوناگون و مشهورترین داستان اوست. ماجرای داستان منحصر به یک محدوده جغرافیایی نیست. علاوه بر کشورهای مختلف اروپایی، داستان در برّ جدید و نهایتا در ترکیه امروزی خاتمه می یابد. ولتر در این رمان، طیف وسیعی از افکار فلسفی و دینی رایج در زمان خود را منعکس می سازد. وی این رمان را در پاسخ به جهان بینی مثبت گرای لایب‌نیتز نگاشته است. نکته ای که همه جا به چشم می خورد، خرافات ستیزی ولتر و تنفرش از اصحاب کلیساست. البته او شمشیرش را فقط به سوی کشیش ها نمی گیرد، بلکه خاخام ها و امام های مسجد مسلمین هم گاهی مورد عتاب قرار می گیرند. امری که باعث شد ولتر در زمان خود فردی مخالف همه ادیان معرفی شود، اما حقیقت امر اینگونه نیست. در رمان کاندید، ویژگی همیشگی هجو ولتری به چشم می خورد؛ در محتوا جدی، در شکل خنده دار و بامزه. ولتر قصد نداشت عقیده خودش را ابراز کند. او فقط می خواست نشان دهد که سفت و سخت چسبیدن به یک نظام متافیزیکی، آدم را تا کجاها که نمی برد. این داستان در پشت نظام متافیزیکی، به مسئله شر می پردازد. هیچ کس توضیح قانع کننده ای در مورد وجود شر نداده بود. ولتر نیز پاسخی برای آن نداشت و به اعتقاد او نیازی به این پاسخ نبود. انسان غریزه صیانت نفسی دارد که همواره توجیهش می کند که وضع بهتر خواهد شد. قرن هجدهم به دلیل اینکه دریافته بود همه چیز را باید از نو انجام داد، قرن اشتیاق برای تغییر بود. درسی که کاندید می دهد به آسانی درک می شود: انسان آن قدر ضعیف و غیرمنطقی است که به راحتی سنگ دل و بی رحم می شود و باید با همنوعانش با تساهل و آسان نگری برخورد کند و نباید به نام عقاید و افکارش باعث ترویج تعصب و خشونت شود بلکه باید به هم نوعانش کمک کند تا از روش های خطا و قیود انحرافی دست بردارند. ولتر تاثیر خود را بر آزاد اندیشی و رفتار مسالمت آمیز و صلح جویانه برجای گذاشت. زبان طنز و منتقدانه وی سبب دردسرهای زیادی برایش شد تا آنجا که کشیشان از ادای مراسم مذهبی بر جنازه اش خودداری کردند اما آثارش چنان ماندگار و اثرگذار بر تحولات اجتماعی آن زمان بود که قرن هجده را قرن ولتر نیز نامیده اند. - برگرفته از نقد و بررسی موجود در انتهای این کتاب.

  24. 4 out of 5

    J.G. Keely

    This book does not stick so well in my memory in either a negative or positive way, but I think this comes from the book being a mixture of two things which I could not feel more differently about: allegory and satire. The first I find to be as silly and pointless as Aesop or Passion Plays. Characters in an allegory are oversimplified symbols, and so cannot comment on the nature of actual human beings. The style is already so firmly affixed to cultural states and norms that it cannot really say a This book does not stick so well in my memory in either a negative or positive way, but I think this comes from the book being a mixture of two things which I could not feel more differently about: allegory and satire. The first I find to be as silly and pointless as Aesop or Passion Plays. Characters in an allegory are oversimplified symbols, and so cannot comment on the nature of actual human beings. The style is already so firmly affixed to cultural states and norms that it cannot really say anything beyond the dichotomous, and dualists are blinded by their egos. I do love satire, but that is generally because of the wit and skill it takes to subvert and re-imagine. Unfortunately, once one has drawn so deeply on hyperbole in a work, it loses its ability to find that necessarily uncomfortable 'grey area'--that rift between assumption and observation. Voltaire is witty and funny, but his condemnation and praise falls only on unrealistic absolutes, and hence becomes only political rather than philosophical. In this, he becomes in many ways Shakespeare's opposite; whose characters were so vaguely sketched that they could be held representative of many disparate identities. It is too easy to force and distort arguments when the accepted givens are so strictly defined and counterpointed. This problem should be evident to anyone in America today who sees how opposition to ideas is transformed into meaninglessly pejorative identities. The temptation of thought-terminating cliches grows ever more in the face of such opposing forces as Voltaire presents. No doubt much of Voltaire's popularity stems from the fact that he is so narrowly applicable and divisive. In this way he almost works like a philosopher since his ideas are so forcefully professed. However, unlike a philosopher he represents his opponents in a state of utter ridicule, he is less convincing than polarizing. The other part of Voltaire's popularity comes from his empty century. The Seventeenth had Shakespeare and Milton. The Nineteenth showed the ridiculously fecund blossoming of the Romantics. The Eighteenth, however, has Fielding, Swift, Voltaire, and Pope. Fielding has escaped as wide a reading because his satire was more social than strictly political. Pope and Swift were likewise satirists, but of such a fanciful nature as to escape more simplistic and contentious forces. This leaves us with the more accessible Voltaire, who may be used to attack ideas, but not to build upon them.

  25. 4 out of 5

    Chia

    ولتر یک فیلسوف دئیست. معتقد به وجود یک خالق برتر که در عملکرد مخلوق خود دخالت نمی کند. در جای جای رمان این باور رو به اندازه نشون میده. و با این باور جهان رو به زوال می دونه و این که بهترین جا برای زندگی نیست و نقدهای کوبنده ای به ساختار قدرت در فرانسه، کلیسای کاتولیک، سنت ها و ...فرود میاره. نتیجه گیری ولتر در پایان این هست که با همه ی اینها باید مزرعه ی خود را بارور کنیم! قلم ولتر موجز و به دور از هر گونه اضافه گویی هست که بسیار این نکته لذت بخش بود. جان مطلب رو به بهترین شکل در 180 صفحه بیان کرد.

  26. 4 out of 5

    Robert

    If you can imagine a smooth blend of the Book of Job, Dante's Inferno, Cervantes' Don Quixote and Butler's Erewhon, with the addition of a heavy dollop of extra absurdity, you are getting close to the nature of Candide. That absurdity is what makes the tale funny and without it, it would be an unpaletable concoction. There is a good deal of social and political satire, something I often find to be a little weak; it's easy to point and laugh, harder to say what might be better. Voltaire, does howe If you can imagine a smooth blend of the Book of Job, Dante's Inferno, Cervantes' Don Quixote and Butler's Erewhon, with the addition of a heavy dollop of extra absurdity, you are getting close to the nature of Candide. That absurdity is what makes the tale funny and without it, it would be an unpaletable concoction. There is a good deal of social and political satire, something I often find to be a little weak; it's easy to point and laugh, harder to say what might be better. Voltaire, does however, offer some kind of alternative that he thinks is better than what he is lampooning, which is greatly to his credit. I suppose I should explain how Candide relates to the other works mentioned above: It's like Don Quixote in that the protagonist is frequently physically abused and this is used as broad humour and also in that the tale starts of as a rapid set of incidents and then slows down into some sort of coherent narrative. (This change being seen between parts one and two of Don Quixote.) It is like the Inferno in that certain historical figures and Voltaire's contemporary enemies keep turning up in order to be lambasted. It is like Erewhon in that there is a visit to Eldorado, a mythical country which is used to highlight supposed social absurdities back in Europe, Erewhon does the same thing, though perhaps not in the same way: contrast is used in Candide, whereas transposition of ideas into other realms is used in Erewhon. As for the Book of Job, well, the frequency and extremity of misfortunes heaped on Candide bears a resemblence to those heaped on Job by Satan. Candide has a big advantage over all the works listed above: it's short. This edition has on facing pages the original French and an English translation and is still not much more than 150p. The fact that it can cover such a broad territory in such a condensed space is impressive. It's an easy read, too - so I think you should read it. It should make you think as well as laugh.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Nikoleta

    Γνήσιο τέκνο του Διαφωτισμού, ο «βασιλιάς» Βολταίρος, στο Καντίντ μας χαρίζει όλα αυτά που ένα "φωτισμένο" μυαλό της εποχής, πρέπει να μας χαρίσει. Το Καντίντ είναι λοιπόν ένα φιλοσοφικό παραμύθι, με την προσπάθεια του δημιουργού του να αφυπνίσει το αναγνωστικό κοινό του διάχυτη. Ο αγνός του ήρωας, ο υπεραισιόδοξος Καντιντ γίνεται έρμαιο των καταστάσεων, χωρίς όμως να χάνει ποτέ την ελπίδα του, φανερή προσπάθεια του Βολταίρου να στιγματίσει την μακάρια αισιοδοξία των σύγχρονων του. Ο πόλεμος, ο φαν Γνήσιο τέκνο του Διαφωτισμού, ο «βασιλιάς» Βολταίρος, στο Καντίντ μας χαρίζει όλα αυτά που ένα "φωτισμένο" μυαλό της εποχής, πρέπει να μας χαρίσει. Το Καντίντ είναι λοιπόν ένα φιλοσοφικό παραμύθι, με την προσπάθεια του δημιουργού του να αφυπνίσει το αναγνωστικό κοινό του διάχυτη. Ο αγνός του ήρωας, ο υπεραισιόδοξος Καντιντ γίνεται έρμαιο των καταστάσεων, χωρίς όμως να χάνει ποτέ την ελπίδα του, φανερή προσπάθεια του Βολταίρου να στιγματίσει την μακάρια αισιοδοξία των σύγχρονων του. Ο πόλεμος, ο φανατισμός και η αγριότητα των ανθρώπων σε ένα κείμενο γεμάτο με το χιούμορ και την χαρακτηριστική βολταιρική ειρωνεία. Η αφήγηση φαίνεται αφελής (προφανώς από επιλογή), η γλώσσα απλοϊκή και οι περιπέτειες του ήρωα τόσο εξωπραγματικές σε ταχύτητα, που θυμίζουν λαϊκό παραμύθι. Διαβάζεται γρήγορα και πολύ ευχάριστα. Μου άρεσε.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Sud666

    François-Marie Arouet better known by his nom de plum Voltaire. During the French Englightenment he was a renowned author of a multitude of books covering a wide array of topics from history to science. But Voltaire is best known as a scathing satirist. His strong views on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state caused him to become famous but also a controversial figure. This caused him to have to frequently François-Marie Arouet better known by his nom de plum Voltaire. During the French Englightenment he was a renowned author of a multitude of books covering a wide array of topics from history to science. But Voltaire is best known as a scathing satirist. His strong views on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation of church and state caused him to become famous but also a controversial figure. This caused him to have to frequently change his country and led him through France to Great Britain and Prussia, eventually back to France. In that time Voltaire kept company with a variety of people from Fredrick of Prussia to Adam Smith and Edward Gibbon.In 1758 he moved to Ferney near the Franco-Swiss border. It is here that he wrote his famous Candide, ou l'Optimisme (Candide, the Optimist). First and foremost, I was struck by just how funny this is. The biting satire of Voltaire is non-stop and still has the capability to amuse centuries later. So we meet Candide, the Illegitimate son of the sister of the baron of Thunder-ten-Tronckh. He is in love with Cunegonde, the Baron's daughter. Candide is tutored by Prof. Pangloss who practices Liebnizian philosophy (optimism). Everything from the name of the German baron to Dr. Pangloss' specialization which is listed as a "métaphysico-théologo-cosmolonigologie" is meant to be funny. Candide is driven out from the Baron's castle due to his love and what follows his his trials and tribulations as he travels around the world. It is the dry wit and Candide's attempts to balance his awful luck and circumstances with the philosophy of optimism that make this a wonderful tale. It is truly amazing wit, that still raises eyebrows today and must have been downright shocking in the late 1700's. The style is like Douglas Adams in that the humor is nonstop. Sometimes it is obvious, as with the names of the characters, and other times its subtly placed in the text with phrases such as : "...whom this lady would never marry because he could prove only seventy-one generations of nobility.." or "...the Baron was one of the most powerful lords in Westphalia, for his castle had a door and windows.." This acerbic humor continues throughout the rest of this darkly comedic tale. While it is funny, we must not forget to read what Voltaire says about the Church, religion, the nobility, etc. He manages to convey these messages without ever becoming preachy. Rather he cloaks these very serious issues in a comedic guise and that makes them even more stark. This is a book that one can read as a historical document that shows the mindset of one of the great French Enlightenment authors or just as a very funny work of fiction. Either way, this is a book well worth reading. The humor is obvious, even after all this time, and manages to make people laugh. The sheer absurdity of the adventure and the variety of characters (all some manner of parody) make this a great tale. Highly recommend this to anyone who enjoys a good tale.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Michael Kotsarinis

    Για να δανειστώ από τον πρόλογο του βιβλίου, Βολταίρος την σήμερον ημέρα; Γιατί όχι, θα απαντήσω! Αυτό το βιβλίο αποδείχθηκε πολύ διασκεδαστικό και ευκολοδιάβαστο, μια πραγματική αποδομητική σάτιρα της εποχής του Βολταίρου. Βέβαια ο σύγχρονος αναγνώστης θα πρέπει να έχει υπόψιν του το ιστορικό και φιλοσοφικό πλαίσιο το οποίο στόχευε ο Βολταίρος και σε αυτό βοηθούν ο πρόλογος και το εισαγωγικό σημείωμα του μεταφραστή. Τέλος για όσους θέλουν να εντρυφήσουν περισσότερο στο έργο το αναλυτικό επίμετρ Για να δανειστώ από τον πρόλογο του βιβλίου, Βολταίρος την σήμερον ημέρα; Γιατί όχι, θα απαντήσω! Αυτό το βιβλίο αποδείχθηκε πολύ διασκεδαστικό και ευκολοδιάβαστο, μια πραγματική αποδομητική σάτιρα της εποχής του Βολταίρου. Βέβαια ο σύγχρονος αναγνώστης θα πρέπει να έχει υπόψιν του το ιστορικό και φιλοσοφικό πλαίσιο το οποίο στόχευε ο Βολταίρος και σε αυτό βοηθούν ο πρόλογος και το εισαγωγικό σημείωμα του μεταφραστή. Τέλος για όσους θέλουν να εντρυφήσουν περισσότερο στο έργο το αναλυτικό επίμετρο θα τους ικανοποιήσει. Τολμήστε το!

  30. 5 out of 5

    Siti

    Romanzo filosofico pubblicato nel 1759, mescola l’elemento fantastico con la riflessione filosofica. Trenta capitoli per ironizzare sulle filosofie ottimistiche e in particolare sul pensiero di Leibniz, il sostenitore dell’armonia dell’universo e della tesi che quello in cui viviamo sia il migliore dei mondi possibili nonostante l’esistenza del male dovuta all’imperfezione umana, male giustificato con l’idea che da una male individuale possa derivare un bene collettivo o che il male presente fac Romanzo filosofico pubblicato nel 1759, mescola l’elemento fantastico con la riflessione filosofica. Trenta capitoli per ironizzare sulle filosofie ottimistiche e in particolare sul pensiero di Leibniz, il sostenitore dell’armonia dell’universo e della tesi che quello in cui viviamo sia il migliore dei mondi possibili nonostante l’esistenza del male dovuta all’imperfezione umana, male giustificato con l’idea che da una male individuale possa derivare un bene collettivo o che il male presente faccia derivare un bene futuro. Candido, educato dal filosofo Pangloss alle teorie dell’ottimismo, pensa appunto di vivere nel migliore dei mondi possibili, fin quando una serie di peripezie non lo portano a scontrasi con il mondo e la realtà che sono invece dominati dal male: guerra, colonialismo, religioni, condizione della donna, chiesa. Una denuncia dei mali del mondo che si conclude con la massima “bisogna che lavoriamo nel nostro orto” a sottolineare che solo l’impegno personale nel quotidiano fa di noi degli uomini , veri cittadini de mondo, concorrenti a generare il benessere generale nonostante l’esistenza del male. Perché leggere Candido? Avrei una serie di motivazioni ma ognuno va a cercarsi la propria. Le mie sono queste. La prossima mia lettura sarà il Candido di Sciascia il quale tentò di sgravarsi della pesantezza del tempo che viveva e rappresentava riproducendo la velocità e la leggerezza del conte philosophique, era dunque necessario esperire l’originale. L’opera rappresenta inoltre un classico antologizzato in Perché leggere i classici di Calvino il quale risponde per me affermando che “leggere per la prima volta un grande libro in età matura è un piacere straordinario” che nasce dalla capacità di apprezzare maggiormente un testo rispetto alla giovinezza per via dell’esperienza del mondo e della lettura stessa di cui si è portatori e che, per le stesse ragioni, dona un sapore particolare alle riletture dei medesimi classici. Avrei inoltre la volontà di proseguire la lettura del testo di Calvino, insieme di brevi e preziosi saggi su testi classici avendone una conoscenza diretta della maggioranza fra quelli che tratta perché reputo inutile cimentarmi in uno studio critico senza conoscerne direttamente l’oggetto, consapevole del fatto che la lettura di un classico è lo scontro con una serie di resistenze (lettura impegnata, non fluida, costruzione di un sapere, ricerca) che tende a risolversi in una grande gioia e spesso, come suggerisce lo stesso Calvino, nel divertimento. Ecco Il Candido di Voltaire è l’esempio perfetto: una prosa veloce, chiara, lucida, una struttura snella, una trama rocambolesca, fanno di questo testo una lettura piacevole e divertente. Se a questi elementi si unisce l’aspettativa di andare a compiere un giro del mondo in brevissimo tempo percorrendo continenti e avvenimenti storici di fine Settecento, utili a comprendere questo pazzo mondo, in un’ infinita serie di improbabili ma gustosissime agnizioni, allora penso che qualcuna delle mie motivazioni possa se non divenire la vostra almeno spingervi verso questo romanzo.

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